Trade Rep Raps China on Piracy
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The United States warned China Monday that the country's intellectual property (IP) theft issues are not being solved quickly enough. The problem needs to be fixed sooner rather than later, said U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Rob Portman.
Speaking to reporters in Beijing, Portman said China's lax IP protection is "disproportionately" affecting U.S. knowledge-based exports.
"China should roll up the illegal distribution networks that are known to bring millions of fake DVDs and CDs to market," Portman said. "Fakes on every street corner are an unbecoming symbol for a world power, such as China. Likewise, government offices and government-controlled firms should not use fake software."
According to the Business Software Alliance (BSA), software piracy in the Asia-Pacific region cost manufacturers close to $8 billion in 2004. Worldwide, losses due to software piracy were estimated at more than $32 million.
The BSA puts piracy rates in China at 90 percent.
In May, the U.S. placed China on its Priority Watch List after a January review of Beijing's IP laws and enforcement actions. The USTR concluded in its report that infringement levels remain unacceptably high throughout China.
"The most common and sometimes most frustrating response I hear from the Chinese is that the government is working on the problem but it will take lots of time," Portman said Monday. We have heard it with currency and we also hear this very often in regard to the protection of intellectual property rights."
In trade talks, the Chinese sometimes point to the fact that the U.S. took more than a century to develop its IP protection system and that China to date has had only a couple of decades. Patience, Beijing advises.
"It is hard to develop a full and thorough system for the protection of IPR. But China is not building this system from scratch, and Chinese companies seem to understand these concepts pretty well when they invest in other countries," Portman said.
He added that the rampant piracy is also hurting the Chinese.
"While U.S. firms suffer huge losses from IP piracy . . . the losses faced by Chinese firms and by Chinese entrepreneurs and the Chinese economy are even greater," Portman said. "Chinese musicians, movie studios and authors lose profits from their own efforts because they cannot enforce their own legal rights throughout the country."
According to Portman, the U.S. remains eager to work with China on IP protection.
"We have been working intensely with China on intellectual property protection for more than a decade, beginning in the early 1990s," he said. "We have had several agreements and there has been significant improvement in some areas . . . in the development of IP laws."
He added, however, "To date, though, the problem of intellectual property protection is not being solved quickly enough."