USTR Pledges Tough China Trade
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China's continued intransigence over free trade issues, including intellectual property rights, dictates a "readjustment" in American policy, U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Rob Portman said today.
In a USTR report released to Congress, Portman said that the 25-year-old U.S. policy of economic engagement with Beijing is in danger in the absence of "tangible evidence" of Chinese reform.
"As a mature trading partner, China should be held accountable for its actions and required to live up to its responsibilities, including opening markets and enforcing intellectual property rights," Portman said at a Washington press conference. "We will use all options available to meet this challenge."
In particular, the report states, China's focus on export growth and developing domestic industries is not being matched by a comparable focus on fulfilling market-opening commitments and on the protection of intellectual property and internationally recognized labor rights.
"Despite three consecutive years of growing U.S. exports to China, our bilateral trade relationship with China today lacks equity, durability and balance in the opportunities it provides," said Portman. "The time has come to readjust our trade policy with respect to China."
The USTR report reviews the status of U.S.-China trade relations following Beijing's first four years of membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO).
"I believe we require a more vigorous enforcement effort with respect to China and the dedication of resources to make such an effort effective," Portman wrote in a cover letter to the report.
In what Portman called an "unprecedented move" against a single country, the USTR plans to create a China Enforcement Task Force headed by a new chief counsel.
"I believe this kind of dedicated, country-specific enforcement team is needed to improve China's compliance with its obligations," Portman wrote.
The new recommended policy also calls for increased coordination with other trading partners to pressure China on intellectual property rights.
According to the Business Software Alliance (BSA), software piracy in the Asia-Pacific region cost manufacturers close to $8 billion in 2004. Worldwide losses due to software piracy were estimated at more than $32 million. The BSA puts piracy rates in China at 90 percent.
Last May, the USTR placed China on the U.S.'s Priority Watch List for intellectual property abuses, a step that could lead to trade sanctions.
"The most common and sometimes most frustrating response I hear from the Chinese is that the government is working on the problem but it will take lots of time," Portman said on a November visit to Beijing.
"We have heard it with currency and we also hear this very often in regard to the protection of intellectual property rights."