Wireless Use Up, Growth Slowing
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Worldwide mobile phone sales totaled 412.7 million units in 2000, a 45.5% increase over 1999 results, according to San Jose-based Dataquest, a unit of Gartner Group.
Despite the growth, however, the future of the industry is not entirely clear.
"Persistent rumors of a market slowdown that dogged the industry throughout the year started to prove true toward the end of 2000," explains Bryan Prohm, senior analyst for Dataquest's worldwide telecommunications group. "The afterburners that propelled several years of consistently high growth rates now suddenly seem to have been switched off."
Indeed, there was some significant stock carry-over to the beginning of 2001, meaning the number of total shipments in 2000 was about six million units lower than previous estimates.
Prohm calls 2000 a transitional year for the mobile phone industry, citing reports from Dataquest that identify a number of issues affecting growth in the industry. Among these were global capacity catching up with demand as lowered barriers to entry allowed an influx of smaller manufacturers that were able to exploit some of the key Far Eastern markets, specifically China. Wireless application protocol (WAP) also failed to impress mobile users, and thus what had been anointed as the catalyst for the next wave of terminal sales growth turned out to be a little more than a ripple. Finally, mobile operators began to shift attention away from straightforward subscriber acquisition to a greater focus on lifetime customer loyalty.
"The long-term prospects for the mobile sector look tough," says Peter Richardson, principal analyst for Dataquest's worldwide telecommunications group. "Few manufacturers are able to generate healthy profit margins, placing the necessary investments in next-generation handsets developments at risk. The smart money may be riding on players that are unfamiliar with the upper echelon vendors."