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W3C Announces XML 1.0 Recommendation

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) announced today the release of the XML 1.0 specification as a W3C Recommendation.

The XML (Extensible Markup Language) 1.0 specification is the first official recommendation from the W3C regarding XML.

XML is a subset of SGML which is used to define, validate, and share document formats via the Web. By making a Recommendation, the W3C has indicated that the specification is stable, contributes to interoperability on the Web, and has been reviewed and approved by the W3C Membership.

The specification has been under development by the W3C's XML Working Group, which is made up of industry leaders including Adobe, ArborText, DataChannel, Hewlett-Packard, Inso, Isogen, Microsoft, NCSA, Netscape, SoftQuad, Sun Microsystems, and Fuji Xerox. Additionally, experts in the field of structured documents and electronic publishing have been instrumental in its development.

XML was initially designed to be used by larger-scale Web sites for industry-specific markup, vendor-neutral data exchange, and other specialized markup. It is preferred over HTML for these uses because of its vendor independence, user extensibility, validation, and human readability.

For more information on XML, visit the W3C's XML page.