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Net Neutrality Postmortem: Cheers and Jeers

Given the extraordinarily noisy run-up to yesterday's meeting at the Federal Communications Commission, it's hardly surprising that reactions came fast and furious from lawmakers, businesses and advocacy groups that had staked out a position in the Net neutrality debate.

As a matter of procedure, the action the FCC took yesterday was to initiate a rule-making process that would enshrine its 2005 Internet policy statement as formal rules, and add to it stipulations mandating non-discriminatory network management and disclosure of ISPs' traffic-shaping policies.

The commission is calling for public comments through March, with the formal rules to be drafted and considered by the commission later next year.

But some are hoping it never gets that far.

The morning of the FCC's vote, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) introduced the "Internet Freedom Act of 2009," which would bar the commission from writing Net neutrality rules.

In an op-ed penned for the Washington Times, McCain professed to be worried about a "government takeover of the Internet."

Kay Bailey Hutchison, the ranking Republican on the Senate Commerce Committee, has also warned against overreaching FCC regulations. Earlier this week, one of her aides told InternetNews.com that she had backed off of an amendment to an appropriations bill to withhold funding from the FCC and prevent it from enacting new regulations, but that the option was still on the table.

This morning, Hutchison issued a statement reiterating her concerns and saying that she would be "closely reviewing" the FCC's notice and the comment process.

"After reviewing the commission's decision, I will evaluate whether legislative efforts, including those recently introduced, are an appropriate course of action," she said.

A rush to praise the FCC

Meantime, on the other side of the aisle, several Democratic lawmakers rushed to praise the FCC's action.

Sen. John Rockefeller and Rep. Henry Waxman, who chair the commerce committees in their respective chambers, wrote a brief letter to FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski praising his efforts and urging him to stick to his promise that the rule-making process would be transparent and data-driven.

A rare showing of bipartisan solidarity came from Sens. Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) and Olympia Snowe (R-Maine), who have teamed together in the past to sponsor Net neutrality legislation.

In a joint statement, Dorgan and Snowe praised the FCC for initiating the rule-making process. "Network neutrality protects the fundamental rights of Americans in using the Internet and accessing content, applications, and services of their choice," they said in a joint statement.

Dorgan and Snowe said they would watch the FCC's proceeding closely, holding out the possibility that they might reintroduce legislation to support Net neutrality.

A pro-Net neutrality bill, backed by seven Democrats, has already emerged in the House. The legislation, dubbed the "Internet Freedom and Preservation Act," bears an uncanny titular resemblance to the bill McCain introduced yesterday, though they are obviously working at cross purposes.

Next page: Telecom and cable firms weigh in