Report: ISPs Threatened By Cable Access Encroachment
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International technologies research firm Arthur D. Little Inc. reported Tuesday that online consumers' prefer cable access when it comes to meeting their need for speed.
The research firm reported consumer demand for cable modem Internet access is favored by a 2:1 margin over Digital Subscriber Line services.
The cable-connected consumer preference means that many subscribers are ready to drop their telephone-based ISP in search of high-speed data transfer rates. Data collection for the Arthur D. Little High-Speed Internet Access Study was completed in mid-October through a national telephone survey sampling of 1,004 adults.
Even though ISPs and major telecommunications carriers have accelerated deployment of DSL services nationwide, cable access providers report that more than one million cable modems have been installed in U.S. homes to date.
According to the report, 21 percent of the same households would pay the extra fee to connect through both their cable and dial-up access providers. As much as 25 percent of those surveyed, said they would postpone adoption of the cable modem service in order to wait for their ISP to offer a comparable high-speed Internet access solution.
Peter D. Shapiro, Little's communications practice principal, said ISPs fight to win open access to cable networks may be a life-or-death battle.
"America Online Inc. and other dial-up ISPs are vulnerable. This is a major reason they are campaigning around the country and in Washington to win direct access to cable modem users," Shapiro said.
"AOL (AOL) demands the same access to cable subscribers as the cable companies' own Internet Service Providers. Cable operators respond that AOL is just trying to protect its dominant position as the largest ISP."
According to Shapiro, both cable operators and AOL will benefit from a negotiated settlement to cable network access.
"There are good business reasons for both AOL and cable companies to resolve their differences now. AOL faces a steady erosion of their subscriber base as this process goes forward. On the cable side, they need to build their infrastructure to be the network of choice."
Shapiro said a deal between AOL and cable providers would improve the marketability of cable modem access.
"Both cable operators and AOL will benefit from a negotiated settlement. This will improve the ability of cable operators to persuade millions of AOL subscribers that cable modems are their preferred technology for high-speed Internet access," Dr. Shapiro said.
"Meanwhile, AOL and the other ISPs will be able to offer cable modems to their subscribers who otherwise may be unwilling to wait pending resolution of regulatory and legal battles," he added.
Stuart Lipoff, Little's managing director of communications practice, said growth in online music, software, and video distribution would generate even greater levels of demand for high-speed Internet access.
"Today, most people use the Internet to retrieve text and graphics information but the demand for high-speed connections will grow tremendously as multimedia Internet services become more prevalent," Lipoff said. "One of the byproducts of this change will be serious undermining of the current business models of companies that today physically distribute intangible goods such as music, videos, and software."
The ADL study asked the likely users of high-speed Internet access which service they would prefer, cable or high-speed access through telephone connections. More than 56 percent of the respondents selected cable modems as their preferred form of high-speed Internet access.
Only 26 percent of the survey participants said they preferred Digital Subscriber Line services as high-speed connection to the Internet.
Shapiro said that cable modem access has a short-term data rate advantage over DSL service, but that ISPs could adjust their marketing strategies to overcome the disadvantage.
"Cable's data rate advantage helps explain the current subscriber preference, but it is only temporary. Telephone companies could provide a higher ADSL data rate for a more competitive price when they decide to become more aggressive in the consumer market. Today the telephone companies' digital subscriber line services are being marketed primarily to business users, which leaves the consumer market relatively open for cable."
Lipoff noted that In principle, DSL services from telephone companies should be very competitive.
"Many telephone lines are in such poor condition that they cannot support this service, telephone companies are still moving slowly to make ADSL available to consumers, and there continues to be a lack of a well-accepted single technical standard for ADSL," Lipoff said. "Also, ADSL is being left out of moves by cable operators and by the direct broadcast satellite (DBS) services to integrate Internet access with their TV set-top boxes to enhance their subscribers' TV-viewing experience," he added.
According to Shapiro, word-of-mouth would ultimately determine which flavor of broadband access would win the hearts and minds of online consumers.
"As cable modems become better known, and word of mouth becomes more pervasive concerning their benefits and their cost-competitiveness, we expect to see a decline of consumer sensitivity to cable modem cost and growing dissatisfaction with the limitations of current dial-up services," Dr. Shapiro said.
According to report released by Cahners In-Stat Group last week, worldwide ADSL modem shipments grew 74 percent in the third quarter of this year. ADSL modems are expected to top 1.2 million shipments worldwide by the end of the year.
Cahners further reports that cable modems posted stable growth of 27 percent still out-shipping ADSL modems by two to one. The market share shift is indicative of the trend that supports the ADL consumer preference report.
Marshall Cohen, AOL senior vice president of brand development, said that AOL is confident that they are giving consumers what they want.
"Clearly we have a strategy for high-speed service upgrades for AOL members," Cohen said. "We ask our subscribers how satisfied they are with AOL's speed and 90 percent of our members say it's fine." "We are in a perfect position to offer speed upgrades to our members and we will do so through multiple platforms of high-speed access when our customers want it," Cohen said.
Cohen added that he questioned the validity of the ADL data. He said that the study was conducted as a "caravan" survey, in that a research firm can contract for a couple of questions to tag onto a random phone survey. Cohen added that he was not saying that the data was wrong, just that leading questions produced tarnished results.
"According to the report, about one thousand people were contacted and 28 percent said yes in response to, 'How likely are you to get high-speed, always-on, unlimited cable modem service for $40 a month.' That means roughly 280 people said yes to this leading question and anyone who said no, did not answer any other questions," Cohen said.
"Of those 280 respondents that said yes, the next question was designed to determine their high-speed preference for access," Cohen continued.
"When asked, 'Do you prefer a cable modem which lets you stay online and keep your phone free for calls or a high-speed telephone service that allows not as fast of access but let's you keep your current service provider.' of course you're going to get a high response for cable modem access," Cohen declared, "it's a leading question."
Cohen said the results of the study were about as poignant as asking someone if they like ice cream.
"If you ask someone do you like ice cream because it's sweet, it tastes good and they like it. The results still won't tell you why people buy ice cream," Cohen said.
Further market shifts may be accelerated by the the Federal Communication Commission order last week to alleviate second-line fee barriers to DSL services. The Advanced Services Third Report and Order permits competitive carriers to obtain access to the high-frequency portion of the local loop from the incumbent carriers.
The policy shift enables competitive carriers to provide DSL services over the same telephone lines simultaneously used by incumbents to provide basic telephone service, a technique referred to as "line sharing."
The decision makes it less expensive for ISPs and consumers to procure the broadband services and compete and would remove a significant price disadvantage for DSL services.