Indian ISPs Await Green Light (cont.)
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In contrast to India, other South Asian countries are well ahead in the ISP policy game, Nandi added. Both Sri Lanka and Pakistan have de-regulated ISP markets, with over a dozen ISPs operating in each country.
Other regulatory challenges plaguing the Indian Internet industry include the current ban on usage of VSNL accounts for Internet telephony.
"Telecommunications companies in the U.S. and Europe are recognising the paradigm shift in voice and data communications, and are rapidly embracing Internet telephony--it is time we saw this in India as well," said Sridhar Pai, Strategic Business Manager at Internet telephony company TeleSoft.
Based in Texas, TeleSoft's development centre was moved to Bangalore in 1995. The company's Internet telephony gateway products were showcased recently at CeBIT '98 in Germany. TeleSoft's clients are largely based in Europe and the U.S.
It does not seem that Indian users will be able to legally avail of Internet telephony for at least another two or three years. "But it will happen eventually. Indian users will be able to make international calls over the Net for Rs. 12 a minute instead of the current Rs. 60 a minute," Pai predicted. (Rs. 41 = 1 USD)
Pai recommended that VSNL need not look at Internet telephony as a threat--it should either get into the business itself, or allow others to do so and take a cut from such revenues, the way British Telecom is operating in Muscat.
Internet telephony is bound to receive a tremendous boost thanks to the fact that the H323 standard was ratified by the International Telecommunications Union three months ago, obviating the need for proprietary standards.
A.B. Srinivasan, Chief Telecommunications Engineer at Indian Railways' southwestern division, said the railway unit was investing heavily in 32 Mbps links via microwave and fiber optic cables. "Indian Railways is bound to play a vital role in improving the telecommunications and Internet infrastructure in India," Srinivasan said.
He offered other ISPs the services of Indian Railways not just in telecommunications infrastructure via Internet backbones, but in power sharing, housing units, and round-the-clock technical support in urban and rural areas.
Despite the enthusiasm shown by ISPs and companies in the ISP infrastructure market, the current regulatory stalemate in India is dampening some of their initial spirit when the private ISP policy was first announced in 1997.
"It is important that obstacles to private ISPs be removed at once. Lots of money will flow in the Internet market space in India once private ISPs are unleashed," Pandian concluded.