Global IT Growth
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According to preliminary data released this week by Gartner, the global IT services market expanded by 6.2 percent last year with India-based vendors increasing their revenues by 29 percent. The data also revealed that IBM leads the pack while HP has slipped a notch and fallen in market share.
India still only represents a small fraction of worldwide revenues at 1.4 percent of the total, with the United States dominating with 59 percent of total spending in the global $569 billion market. U.S.-based IT services growth, however, was reported only at 4 percent. Of particular note in light of the ever-present offshoring debate in this election year is the fact that, according to Gartner's research, 92 percent of India-based vendors' growth came from outside of India.
Gartner attributed the decline of the U.S. dollar, compared with international currencies, as one of the principal reasons for the overall revenue growth in the sector. "Although the growth of the services industry improved compared with the decline of 0.3 percent in 2002, growth rates were inflated by changes in the exchange rate of the U.S. dollar," Kathryn Hale, principal analyst for Gartner's worldwide IT services group said in a statement. "Vendors operating extensively outside the United States reported inflated growth after converting local currencies into dollars."
That said, Gartner still believes that outsourcing will drive overall growth.
A recent study from Meta Group specifically targeting IT found that 20 percent of its survey respondents engage in the practice of offshoring IT jobs. In March, Gartner Group released a report indicating that only 5 percent of U.S. IT jobs were currently offshored with an estimated 25 percent to be offshored by 2010.
IT management is expected to grow at a rate of 10 percent per year, while process management is forecasted at 9.3 percent growth. According to Gartner, those segments benefit from companies' desire to control costs. On the other end of the spectrum, consulting services only grew at a meager 0.1 percent.
IBM remains the top worldwide IT services vendor according to Gartner's research, with a 7.5 percent share that hasn't changed from 2002. Big Blue's growth has kept pace with overall industry growth of 6.2 percent, as its revenues grew to approximately $43 billion in 2003 from $40 billion the previous years.
Rounding out the top five worldwide IT vendors are EDS at number two with a 3.7 percent share and 0.6 percent growth. Fujitsu had the highest growth rate at 11.3 percent that was enough to help it secure the number three position globally with a 2.8 percent market share. Computer Sciences (CSC) had the second highest growth rate at 4.6 percent, which put it in the number 4 spot with a 2.2 percent share.
About $133 million dollars behind CSC, HP slipped a notch to number five with 2.7 percent growth and only a 2.2 percent market share, down marginally from 2.3 percent market share in 2002.