Microsoft Office Open XML Sparks Standards Fight

Ecma, an international organization that helps develop standards, has
approved Office Open XML (OOXML), and will submit the standard for adoption
under the International Standards Organization (ISO) process.

This is a significant milestone for Microsoft because,
if the standard is approved by ISO, it will deflect criticism that its
software is not standards-based.

The standards issue is particularly important in dealing with governments which do not let their agencies purchase software that is not standards-based.

It would also give Microsoft a greater degree of control over how
applications based on other platforms interoperate with its programs.

The news immediately set off a duel-by-proxy between Microsoft supporters on
the one hand and its many detractors on the other.

Some of those detractors include organizations which have developed a
competing standard, the Open Document Format (ODF), which has already
achieved ISO certification.

Sam Hiser, director of business affairs at the Open Document Foundation,
which helped create the ODF standard, said that OOXML is “definitely

Hiser asserted Microsoft is trying to keep control of the document formats. “They’re making a very clever gambit to pretend to be making open concessions by adopting an XML standard in the file format design, but it’s one that’s heavily encumbered by propriety dependencies,” he told

Bob Sutor, who is vice president of open source and standards at IBM,
confirmed that IBM voted against adoption of OOXML at the Ecma general
assembly today.

Writing on his personal blog, he wrote that ODF “is an example of a real
open standard versus a vendor-dictated spec that documents proprietary
products via XML.”

That posting got heavily commented by Microsoft supporters.

Melanie Wyne, Executive Director for the Initiative for Software Choice
(ISC), an IT industry trade organization, weighed in on Microsoft side.

“Today’s ratification of Office Open XML as an open standard … means
consumers will have more choice in the marketplace. Ecma’s action enhances
document manipulation, interoperability and archival storage for public and
private institutions,” she said in a statement.

She also defended OOXML against charges that it is redundant with ODF.

“Though Office Open XML’s detractors decry competition as confusing to
consumers, the consensus Ecma vote belies their argument. Having more to
choose from, governments and consumers will be better off, period,” she

According to Ecma, its technical committee (TC45) worked for over a year to
provide developers all the technical details needed to ensure predictable
results and high fidelity interoperability when working with the standard.

Jan van den Beld, Secretary General of Ecma, explained that the Open XML
standard was also designed to be backwards-compatible with older versions of
Microsoft Word documents, covering billions of documents.

“The broad spectrum of sponsors from the industry and public institutions
ensure the creation of an open standard that can create a wide range of
possibilities for document processing, archival and interoperability,” he
said in a statement.

The Open XML standard also addresses the international language needs of
organizations by supporting all the major worldwide languages.

Developers will have the flexibility to decide whether they want to take
advantage of subsets or the full feature set of the Office Open XML formats.

In addition the format enables organizations to integrate productivity
applications with information systems that manage business processes by
enabling the use of custom schemas within Open XML documents.

Going forward, the TC45 will continue to be responsible for the ongoing
maintenance of the standard, and for enhancing the standard with new and
innovative features while simultaneously preserving backwards compatibility.

In January, Ecma International will also begin the fast track process for
adoption of the Office Open XML formats as an ISO international standard
under the ISO/IEC JTC 1 process.

Microsoft supporters are also making ISO certification seem inevitable.

Hiser said that Microsoft picked Ecma as a forum for ratification because of
its close ties to ISO.

But he said he hopes that “ISO will be a little more discerning.”

According to Hiser, if Microsoft loses this battle and ODF remains the only
internationally-recognized standard document format, Microsoft will have to
adopt it in order to continue doing business with many governments.

It will also lose some control over developers and the upgrade process, he

“They’ll have to find other ways to add value and compete,” he said.

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