The New Linux Standard

Efforts to create a Linux standard gained some ground today with the release of
the Linux Standards Base (LSB) 3.0 specification. The latest LSB standard
is an effort to help prevent the fragmentation of Linux and is widely
supported by major Linux vendors.

The LSB specification is maintained and developed by the Free Standards
Group and is intended to provide interoperability standards via a base set
of APIs and libraries so ISVs can develop and port applications
that will work on LSB-certified Linux distributions.

The LSB standard
currently supports seven architectures including IA32, IA64, PPC32, PPC64,
S390, S390X and X86_64.

LSB 3.0 comes a year after the LSB 2.0 was introduced and includes a number of enhancements over its predecessor.

According to Jim Zemlin, executive director of the Free Standards Group,
the most important thing is that LSB 3.0 contains an updated application
binary interface (ABI) for C++, which is supported by all major distributions.

“This greatly reduces the costs and time for ISVs who want to support
more than one distribution,” Zemlin told “Also, a
significant change is that all the distros are all on board and certified
from the very beginning. We’re in sync with their product release cycles.
Again this makes it easier for ISVs to target the Linux platform.”

The Free Standards Group noted that Red Hat,
Novell, the Debian Common Core Alliance and Asianux were all certifying
their distributions to the LSB. Other distributions are expected to follow,
according to Zemlin.

“The release focused on our first wave of certifications but is by no
means exhaustive or final,” Zemlin said. “We have a quote of support from
Mandriva and are working with these vendors, and many others, to achieve
certification. Other vendors have different release cycles that affect when
and what they certify.”

Some have argued that since each Linux distribution uses its own kernel
version, (that is not “plain vanilla” kernels) and since each uses
its own set of core components which may be at different version levels that
fragmentation already exists. Zemlin disagrees.

“Kernel version does not have an impact on LSB compliance,” Zemlin
explained. “Any application written to the LSB will work regardless because
the interfaces for LSB apps are at a much higher level than direct-system-level interfaces into a piece of hardware.”

“Developers who write their application to the LSB-specified ABI will
have a portable application across LSB environments regardless of kernel
version,” he added.

LSB 3.0 is not the end of the road of Linux standardization.

“For 4.0, we will have the modules for the specification built out in the
desktop and manageability,” Zemlin said. “These two areas are very important
as Linux expands both in consumer and enterprise markets around the world
and especially in emerging markets.

“You will also see the FSG open a certification authority in China and
add IDE support into the LSB.”

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