PC Peripherals Getting Smarter

SEATTLE –- Bill Gates told a WinHec audience this week that the PC is changing. But it’s not just Microsoft’s forthcoming Vista software and faster processors that are
prompting that change.

At WinHec, Microsoft’s annual Windows Hardware Engineering Conference,
several companies showed innovative hardware advances.

Samsung unveiled a working prototype of a Hybrid Hard Disk (HHD), a next-generation drive for notebooks and PCs that integrates NAND
Flash memory with rotating magnetic storage.

The company presented HHDs with 128MB and 256MB of storage. Samsung claimed the HHD can boot or resume PCs up to twice as fast as a conventional hard drive. For
notebooks, the HHD can operate 20 to 30 minutes longer on battery power and,
Samsung said, is up to five times as reliable.

In conjunction with Vista’s
rollout, the company plans to ship HHDs starting in January.

Samsung also previewed a solid-state drive it designed for PCs.
One demo showed an AlienWare notebook with two drive ports outfitted with an
HHD in addition to the hard disk that came with the system.

“What causes most of the bottlenecks in running applications on the PC today
is I/O,” said Don Barnetson, associate director of Flash marketing with
Samsung Semiconductor.

He said users can expect a 30 percent to 50 percent improvement with
additional solid-state drive. Traditionally, such drives are extremely
expensive when matched against equivalent magnetic hard-drive storage.

Barnetson said solid-state drives are an expensive niche market, but
Samsung sees a market for power users and high-end gamers who demand better

Plus, the addition of a smaller capacity and relatively less
expensive 4GB solid-state drive combined with SuperFetch and other caching
features of Vista, can greatly improve performance.

While most of us are used to using headsets for voice recognition and VoIP
calls, InSync Speech Technologies (IST) has revisited a concept that’s been around for at least
30 years: array microphones.

The basic idea is that an array of microphones can better recognize the
sound waves made from speech, which is sent from different angles depending
on how a person is sitting or facing.

IST’s product is designed to be built
into a computer display or notebook, or even as a peripheral that clamps
onto the monitor.

“When sound travels to the microphone it doesn’t travel at the same time; it
looks for the strongest source,” explained Parmod Gandhi, president of IST.
“The more microphones you have the better it identifies the source.”

Gandhi said most array microphones to date are either very expensive or
don’t work well, but said his company has technology for dealing with
extraneous sounds like air conditioning or other people talking nearby.

The array concept has great potential, but unless it’s a system that’s
adaptable to different environments, it’s always going to have its ups and
downs,” Richard Doherty, director of The Envisioneering Group, told

Doherty said arrays traditionally have worked much
better in more controlled environments such as a uniform set of office

The array system also avoids the hassle of wearing a headset, bringing more
comfort to the growing number of VoIP users much like a speaker phone. But
headsets still work better for private conversations.

A company called A Living Picture showed prototypes of various Digital Photo Frames it’s working
on for release in conjunction with Vista.

Unlike standard digital picture
viewers, A Living Picture said its technology is software upgradeable and
will evolve.

Using Vista’s SideShow feature, A Living Picture said its
products will be able to transfer digital photos to other devices using
Wi-Fi and other means.

“Some studies have said the average consumer keeps about a thousand photos
on their computers,” said Jesse Grindeland, cofounder and president of A
Living Picture. “Gartner projects there will be 250 million PCs shipped this
year, so that’s a huge number of images we want to help people distribute

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