Could a U.S. Shift to IPv6 Cost $75B?

Moving to IPv6 will present a number of challenges for the U.S. federal
government, not the least of which is the associated price tag, which could
hit $75 billion.

A new 63-page report issued late last week by the IPv6 Summit and
Juniper Networks offers U.S. federal agencies a bevy of suggestions on how
best to go about transitioning to IPv6.

The government is supposed
to be on a relatively rapid path toward IPv6 migration since the Office of
Management and Budget (OMB) mandated (PDF file) this past August that the federal government move to IPv6 by June 2008.

Last week’s report, titled “IPv6 Best Practices World Report Series: Guide for
Federal Agencies Transitioning to IPv6,” recommends that federal agencies
develop a business case for moving to IPv6, centralize their migration tactics and define metrics to help track transition progress.

IPv6 is a new communications paradigm that requires a different approach.

“Reliance on past concepts will prohibit the realization of new IPv6
capabilities,” the report notes. Federal agencies should develop
organizational measures of effectiveness that relate the technical features
of IPv6 milestones and the business strategy.

“Can IPv6 aid in achieving the organization’s strategic vision and
mission?” the report asks. “The answer is ‘yes’ if agencies understand its
potential and the new communications paradigm it creates.”

It is also recommended that agencies look at IPv6 as a convergence
technology as much as a networking technology.

In terms of infrastructure for IPv6, the deployment of IPv6-capable DNS
services is noted to be one of the first infrastructure
components that should be undertaken as part of a deployment plan.

The report recommends BIND (Berkeley Internet Name Domain) version 9 or higher, because it supports IPv6 AAAA records, DNS Security (DNSsec) and
Secret Key Transaction Authentication for DNS.

Technology isn’t the greatest challenge of moving to IPv6, though.

“The technology challenge was not really as great as the planning,” Dale
Geesey, one of the authors of the report, told When
one takes care of the planning, the technology becomes much easier.”

Lou Ann Brossman, director of federal marketing for Juniper Networks said that there are no surprises in the report.

“The value that it brings is that it was designed to serve as a guide for
federal agencies transitioning to IPv6. It’s also valuable because it is
based on global interviews, surveys and public presentations on the
transition,” Brossman told

Juniper is no stranger to IPv6 deployments and is currently involved in
helping China roll out what may turn into the world’s largest
IPv6 deployment.

There are, however, some significant financial and leadership challenges
that still need to be resolved in the migration.

Alex Lightman, chairman of the IPv6 Summit, told that
among the items left undone is defining who will be in charge and who can
devote undivided attention to the transition to IPv6.

And he Lightman also raised the question of who will actually pay for the

“There is an unreleased report by the Dept. of Commerce estimating it will
take $25-$75 billion to pay for the transition, according to one of our
speakers,” Lightman said. “So what part of that will the U.S. government
pay for? Do we need to do a tax credit, something Japan has already

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