Nortel Cuts Jobs, Fires Execs

Stung by an accounting debacle and sector slump, Nortel will
lay off 3,500 employees, or 10 percent of its workforce, as part of a
sweeping restructuring to put the company back on track.

The telecom equipment maker will put greater emphasis on providing gear for
large corporations and government agencies that are moving to converged
networks to carry voice, data and video content.

It’s also bullish on China and India,
where wireless carriers are investing billions of dollars in
third-generation networks. From a technology standpoint, Nortel
will make network security and reliability its priority.

The company acknowledged that it’s facing growing pricing pressure from
network equipment makers in China, one of the factors that prompted the cost

The job cuts announced today will occur by year’s end and cost the company
between $300 million and $400 million in severance pay and other charges.
Ultimately, the move should save Nortel $450 million to $500 million in
salary and benefit costs.

Nortel executives stressed that improving its $3.6 billion cash reserve is a
key objective of the restructuring. They don’t believe the deep cuts will
hamper growth.

The reductions are on top of 2,500 workers who will transfer
to Flextronics as part of a recent outsourced
manufacturing contract.

“We understand this business well,” CEO Bill Owens said during a
teleconference with analysts and reporters, noting that at one point Nortel
had 100,000 workers.

Nortel will not cut all of the departments. The company will establish two new executive
posts: a chief strategy officer, to drive partnerships, assess new markets
and acquisitions; and a chief marketing officer to take a long-range view
of the company’s image.

In further fallout from the accounting scandal, the company fired seven
executives who had financial reporting responsibilities. Previously, the
company dismissed its
former president and CEO, CFO and controller over the issue.

Not only did the company boot the 10 executives for cause, but it’s going
after about $10 million in bonuses they received at the end of 2003.

“We are striving to make ourselves the most credible, honest and efficient
company in our marketplace,” Owens said.

The personnel moves come after the Royal Canadian Mounted Police launched a
criminal investigation into the matter. Meanwhile, the U.S. Attorney’s
Office launched its own probe amid a slew of shareholder lawsuits that are also

New safeguards, being drafted with the help of outside consultants, will
make Nortel “best-in-class” in terms of complying with federal regulations,
such as Sarbanes-Oxley, Owens said.

Finally, Nortel released estimated un-audited results for the first
six months of the year. Revenues were approximately $5.1 billion (about
evenly split between the first and second quarters).

Net earnings range between break-even and 2 cents per share. Nortel
hopes to present more concrete numbers for the first half of the year by
the end of the third quarter.

The company expects the market to grow in the low to
mid-single digits in 2004 compared to 2003, and that its revenues will grow
faster than the market.

Owens concluded by saying the restructuring will help Nortel turn its
“technological advantage into business results.”

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