Verizon’s Broadband Regulatory Relief

Verizon Communications scored a major victory Monday when a sharply divided
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved the telecom giant’s
petition to deregulate its commercial broadband lines.

The decision frees Verizon from FCC common carrier obligations to provide
access at regulated “just and reasonable” rates to commercial competitors
and potentially eliminates Verizon’s obligations to the Universal Service

In August, the FCC voted to free
Verizon of its DSL line-sharing obligations with competitors in the
residential market.

Under both FCC orders, residential and commercial rates to access Verizon’s
lines will be determined by the market.

“Promoting broadband deployment is one of the highest priorities of the FCC.
To accomplish this goal, the commission seeks to establish a policy
environment that facilitates and encourages broadband investment, allowing
market forces to deliver the benefits of broadband to consumers,” FCC
Chairman Kevin Martin said in a statement.

The two Democrats on the FCC disagreed with the decision.

“In effect, we provide industry the pen and give it the go-ahead to rewrite
the law,” Commissioner Michael Copps said in a statement.

instructed this agency to implement the law; it did not tell us to delegate
far-reaching policy changes to the companies that fall under our
jurisdiction. It is end users, particularly small business consumers, who
will suffer the consequences.

Commissioner Jonathan Adelstein added, “This course raises the specter of
price hikes and fewer choices for businesses, banks, universities,
government agencies and other high-volume users of communications services.”

Following the procedures of the FCC, the Verizon decision was made without a
vote of the commissioners and is not subject to agency appeal, although the
ruling is open to legal challenges outside the FCC.

In December 2004, Verizon filed a petition with the FCC seeking relief
from its commercial line-sharing obligations. FCC rules dictate that if no
action is taken after a year to deny a petition, the request is approved.

After Verizon amended its petition, the deadline for FCC action was March
20. No action was taken.

“Today, we take another step in establishing a regulatory environment that
encourages such investments and innovation by granting Verizon’s petition
for regulatory relief of its broadband infrastructure and fiber
capabilities,” Martin said.

“This relief will enable Verizon to have the
flexibility to further deploy its broadband services and fiber facilities
without overly burdensome regulations.”

Copps said he was “deeply disappointed” by the FCC’s action.

“This sweeping outcome is unaccompanied by any regulatory footsteps,” he
said. “Here we permit a forbearance petition
go into effect that erases decades of communications policy in a single
stroke…This is not the way to make environment-altering policy changes.”

Martin said that while a majority of the commissioners “did not explicitly
grant today’s relief,” the decision continues the FCC’s “policy to encourage
new investment.”

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