The first consumer Wi-Fi phones are a little like dancing bears. You’re so
disarmed by the fact that they can do it at all that you’re prepared to overlook
their occasional stumble.
Pulver Innovations is the
product arm of Pulver.com, Jeff Pulver’s VoIP (Voice over IP) consulting and
conference empire and it has one such phone, the $250 WiSIP.
The good news is that the WiSIP phone works, quite well in fact. The bad
news: it doesn’t yet work everywhere, and rarely where it would be most useful
— at a Wi-Fi hotspot.
The Pulver phone is bigger than the smallest cell phones, but lighter than
most. In fact, it feels a little flimsy.
Its 3.6V Lithium battery theoretically provides 3.2 hours of talk time and
21 to 23 hours of standby time. The latter is far less than the best of the
current cell phones and PDAs. RIM’s latest Blackberry models boast up to nine
days of standby time, for example.
The only way to charge it is by putting it in the included cradle — which,
given the standby time, you’ll have to bring along if you take the phone traveling.
The Pulver Wi-Fi phone is built around Session Initiated Protocol (SIP),
a signaling protocol for Internet telephony and instant messaging. The protocol
initiates call setup, routing and authentication on IP networks. SIP compliance
is a good thing in a Wi-Fi phone. It means the phone is compatible with most
WLANs. Unfortunately, it does not guarantee you can use it anywhere. To work,
the phone needs to associate with a local Wi-Fi network, then log on to a
The problem at this point is not finding a compatible VoIP service, it’s
finding a WLAN that will authenticate the phones. This product only works
for sure on home or office Wi-Fi networks where you can control the authentication
process or at Wi-Fi hotspots that require no authentication — which is to
say, fewer and fewer of them.
The problem, says Pulver spokesperson Stu Milberg, is getting Wi-Fi hotspot
operators to agree to authenticate WiSIP phones. The technology is there to
do it, he says. Operators could authenticate by MAC address, for example.
The question is whether they want to authenticate the phones.
Operators may be asking themselves, a) do I want a lot of relatively high-bandwidth
devices hogging capacity on my network, especially when, b) somebody else
is getting all the additional revenue for the telephone service.
Pulver is talking to major commercial operators and expects to announce some
soon that will authenticate the phones. The company is hoping that pressure
from subscribers wanting to use Wi-Fi phones will force operators to find
ways to accommodate them.
In the meantime, you may be able to use the phone at some free hotspots that
require no authentication. Milberg has used his at airports and convention
centers, he says. I found no hotspots in my area that would authenticate the
Until the hotspot operators get onside, the Pulver WiSIP phone — and others
like it, such as Viper Networks‘
WiFi vPhone, which comes from the same factory as the Pulver product and,
according to a Viper spokesperson, is virtually identical to it — make very
expensive cordless phones for around the home or office. However, with this
handset, you’re not paying a telco for long distance.
The second part of the equation, getting the phone to work with a VoIP service,
turns out to be somewhat easier. Pulver has the WiSIP phone working with several
services, including the company’s own Free World Dialup, as well as
commercial services such as VoicePulse,
Broadvoice, Net2Phone and Vonage. Broadvoice is marketing the phone from
its Web site, as well.
It takes a little effort to set it up for use on these networks, as I discovered.
Pulver can ship the phone already configured for the service provider of your
choice, but I chose to do it myself to see how difficult it was. The process
starts, as with setup for most Wi-Fi devices, by selecting the network mode
— usually DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) — for the local network.
You may have to scan for a network and select your network Service Set IDentifier
(SSID) and/or input a gateway and subnet mask address. On some networks you
may also have to input a wired equivalent privacy (WEP) encryption key.
This part of the process went fairly smoothly on my home office WLAN. I was
able to get the phone to associate with my Netgear Wireless Router. The hard part was
correctly configuring the phone’s SIP settings so it would work with Vonage
Soft Phone VoIP service.
While the manual that comes with the product gives fairly clear and detailed
instructions on how to do this from the phone’s keypad, you can do it far
more easily using a computer connected to the same network. You access the
phone’s setup screens by surfing to its IP address using a Web browser. If
your network has a DHCP server, you’ll need to first select the Information
item on the phone’s main menu where you’ll find the IP address the DHCP service
The manual failed to make it clear this option was available, and I didn’t
find out until later when talking to a Pulver tech support person. My first
attempts at configuring the SIP settings involved keying in a lot alpha characters
on a telephone keypad — a very tedious process.
Before you can even start, though, you need the service provider to give
you some required information – the name or IP address of its VoIP Proxy server
and the correct TCP
address or name for the Outbound Proxy server. Even if the two server addresses
are the same, you need to input both.
The Vonage technical support agents I talked to had apparently had no experience
with SIP phones, but they were able to give me the setting information I needed.
The trouble is, it didn’t work.
I called back and a second agent very confidently confirmed the information
the first had given. Only after Pulver tech support called Vonage and asked
the right questions — a couple of hours into the process — was the issue
resolved. Vonage had given me the wrong port number.
This was not a problem with the phone itself, but it does underline the fact
that it’s still early days with this technology and not everybody is singing
from the same hymnal yet.
On my network, I also had to go into the router’s firewall settings and explicitly
permit the phone to have access to the TCP port.
Once all of this was done, the phone worked. It automatically registered
on the Vonage server and I was able to make calls — though unlike with wired
broadband VoIP services using voice gateways or PC soft phone services, you
don’t get a dial tone.
The phone also won’t transmit Dual Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF)
Milberg says. However, I was able to use touch tones to collect my telco voice
In test calls around my small home, connection and voice quality were as
good on some calls as with any wired broadband VoIP service from Vonage —
i.e. very good indeed. On others, there was some slight echo and some break-up,
though little discernible latency. Even at its worst, it was better than a
bad cellular connection.
As I moved outside and further from the access point — up to 150 feet away
— there was naturally more break-up, but it was still possible to carry on
a conversation and voice quality remained good.
On the whole, I was impressed, but I can’t see many takers for a $250 product
that only works for sure as a cordless phone in private networks. We’ll see
how this plays out in the weeks and months ahead as more Wi-Fi phones come
on to the market and pressure builds on hotspot operators to let them on.