Seven months after the expiration of the Internet access tax moratorium,
Congress has yet to reach a compromise on the vastly different Senate and
House versions calling for a new ban on connection taxes.
Last September, the House passed
legislation to permanently extend a temporary ban on Internet taxes that had
been in place since 1998 and set to expire on Nov. 1.
The bill covered both
dial-up and broadband connections and eliminated a controversial grandfather
clause covering 11 states that were taxing Internet connections prior to
Similar legislation passed the Senate Commerce Committee in July. The Senate
bill, however, fell apart when it came up for a vote in October and it took
until late April for a compromise to be reached: a four-year ban retaining
the grandfather clause.
In the month since the Senate bill gained passage, neither the House nor the
Senate has moved to reconcile the differences. A spokesperson for Rep. Chris
Cox (R-Calif.), sponsor of the House version, told internetnews.com a
joint House-Senate conference committee to iron out a compromise has not
In the Senate, the official line is that the bill is in the hands of the
House. Earlier this month, Cox said the House would seek “at least some
elements of permanency” in a compromise with the Senate.
“Since the moratorium expired last November, the states, by right, could be
taxing [Internet connections] right now,” Storme Street, senior manager of
government relations at the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA), told an
EIA political roundtable discussion Wednesday afternoon.
The cash-strapped states have not moved to tax access, Street said, because
they are thinking, “‘Why waste all that time when they know Congress will get
it together and pass something.'”
Rosario Palmieri, staff director for the House Small Business Subcommittee
on Regulatory Reform and Oversight, told the EIA roundtable, “I would find
it shocking” if a compromise is not reached. “It is something people like
Chris Cox care enough about that that they’ll find a way,” Palmieri said.
The path to compromise was difficult in the Senate where deep divisions
criss-crossed through party lines over the issue. Throughout the debate,
more than a third of the Senate consistently voted to shorten the duration
of a new moratorium and to keep the access definitions much narrower in
scope than envisioned in the House version.
Led by Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), opponents raised a number of concerns
that the bill could be interpreted to exempt not only access but other
services that might piggyback in with the connection, such as, Voice Over
Internet Protocol (VoIP)
Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) finally brokered a compromise with specific
language that attempts to ensure nothing in the bill will affect state and
local taxation of voice telecommunications services, VoIP, or other telecom
services that are not purchased or used directly to provide Internet access.
The last hurdle to final Senate passage
came when lawmakers agreed to table a motion by California Democrat Diane
Feinstein to add two additional years to the grandfather clause for state
and local authorities already taxing DSL connections.
Under the final Senate version, the states already taxing Internet
connections are allowed to continue the tariffs for the life of the new
four-year ban while states that began taxing tax high-speed wireline and
wireless access after 1998 have two years to discontinue the practice.
The same issues are likely to plague the new House debate over the bill, but
Palmieri predicted ultimate passage before the 108th Congress concludes its
work early this fall.
“We’ve passed through so many roadblocks just to get
where we are,” he said. “Those who favor the moratorium in its fullest know
they must make some [concessions]. They’ll probably cave on the grandfather
President Bush, who has recently added a goal of ubiquitous American
broadband penetration by 2007 to his re-election stump speeches, has said he
will sign a new Internet access tax prohibition.