According to the Anti-Defamation League, the Web site Stormfront.org
is a “veritable supermarket of online hate.”
According to Google, a Stormfront-hosted Web site
is the most relevant search result for a “Martin Luther King” query.
It’s called MartinLutherKing.org and it purports to provide “a true
historical examination” of Dr. Martin Luther King, the Nobel
Laureate, Baptist minister, and African American civil rights activist.
For children, the site offers fliers to print and distribute around their
schools. One is titled “The Beast As Saint: The Truth About Martin
Luther King.” There’s also a link on MartinLutherKing.org to a page
titled, “Black Invention Myths.”
Tim Hoffman has had enough. Hoffman is the project manager for
SchoolTool, an open source project to develop a common global school
But Hoffman also maintains a personal blog called
“Tuttle SVC” and it’s from there that he launched his bombing campaign.
“I’m pretty much sick of the whole martinlutherkingdotorg shtick,”
Hoffman wrote on the blog. “The people behind it are evil.
“What we need here is a good old fashioned Google bomb.”
A Google bomb is an attempt to game Google’s PageRank algorithm and change the search engine’s order of results for a specific keyword.
Among other techniques, Google’s PageRank algorithm determines
a Web site’s relevancy to a keyword by crawling the Internet to find
out how many times that particular site is linked to on other sites
and how often that keyword is used to describe the link.
So on his blog, Hoffman dropped his Google Bombs: nine links to less
offensive Martin Luther King Web sites and labeled them all, “Martin
Then he made it a campaign by asking others to do the same in an
effort to drop Stormfront’s Web site from its perch as the top
Google search result for “Martin Luther King.”
Many have responded to his call, including noted blogger and former
Microsoft evangelist Robert Scoble. On his blog, he calls it
“reversing the damage.”
Given Google’s “don’t be evil” motto, you’d think the company would
be appreciative. It’s not.
“We don’t condone the practice of Google bombing, or any other action
that seeks to affect the integrity of our search results,” a Google
spokesperson told internetnews.com.
That’s bad news for the do-good Google bombers, according to search engine guru
He told internetnews.com that if Google wants to, it can stop the bombing campaign at any time and that Hoffman’s particular method will be easy for them
“The biggest mistake in the campaign is that they are all being
encouraged to use the same list of several links, all using the words
Martin Luther King in them,” Sullivan said. “That’s much easier to
detect as a link-bombing campaign than one single link.”
Sullivan cautioned that this mess shouldn’t be made into a Google-only issue, adding that it impacts any search engine.
And it’s not too hard to understand Google’s position in this issue.
Google’s business is contingent on its ability to find the most
relevant results for search queries.
Sometimes Google might turn over
the wrong stone and find something nasty, but the company can’t go
around encouraging users to manipulate its proprietary algorithm.
Users trust the algorithm’s results and so advertisers will pay plenty to have their links placed next to them. So on Google you get what the crawler finds, pretty or not.
“Don’t be evil” does not extend so far as to censorship of what
Hoffman calls evil.
But the same isn’t true everywhere. Search engines Ask.com and Yahoo
both keep the offending site off their search results pages for a
“Martin Luther King” query.
An Ask.com spokesperson told internetnews.com that the results
order is due to the superiority of Ask’s ExpertRank algorithm
over Google’s PageRank.
Sullivan, however, said Ask doesn’t
appear to include MartinLutherKing.org in its index of sites, and so
Ask’s algorithm probably had little to do with it.
Yahoo spokesperson Aaron Ferstman told internetnews.com it is his company’s policy to review and remove defamatory sites upon user request.
It may come as surprise to hear that original Google-bomber-for-good
Tom Hoffman told internetnews.com he hopes Google chooses not
to resort to censorship.
“The system is designed to harvest the intelligence of people. When
you have a situation like this, you just have to add more human
intelligence to the system. For Google that comes in the form of more
There’s hope Google will allow the gang of do-good Google-bombers to do their work.
“Google’s faith in our system has produced a hands-off policy when it
comes to correcting for the effects of Google bombs in the past,” the
Google spokesperson said. “The integrity of the search product remains intact.”
Yet so does, for now, MartinLutherKing.org’s position at the top.
Whether human intelligence has its way is not yet for certain.