The Federal Communications Commission is bent on rewriting the rules
established by the Telecom Act of 1996, a necessary change for broadband to
move forward, said Michael Powell, the agency’s chairman Tuesday to a group
of U.S. businesspeople.
Speaking at the broadband technology summit conducted by the U.S. Chamber
of Commerce, Powell earlier this week said the broadband revolution can move forward only if
the rules that govern the industry’s operations are revamped and universal.
His comments are in line with what many in Washington consider the “cure”
for a relatively slow deployment of broadband. The Senate introduced a
bill Tuesday, the “Broadband
Regulatory Parity Act of 2002,” which mirrors the FCC chief’s comments.
The speech is nothing new for Powell, who has been struggling to convince
consumers, competitive local exchange carriers (CLECs) and independent
Internet service providers (ISPs) less regulatory oversight of the
major telephone networks is a good thing for the country.
“Any broadband regulatory environment must serve to promote investment and
innovation,” he said. “Substantial risk investment is needed to either
upgrade legacy networks or to develop new networks to support broadband
capabilities and applications.”
To provide a safety net for networks taking the plunge from the analog
world of cable TV and telephone services, Powell and fellow commissioners
have adopted several notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) initiatives to
dramatically reduce the strictures for digital subscriber line (DSL)
deployment and cable modem services.
In February, Powell launched his rewrite
of broadband regulations with the redefinition of the term broadband
ISP “an information service with a telecommunications component,”
potentially freeing incumbent LECs (ILECs) like Verizon Communications
and SBC Communications
from rules that
made competitive provider services available in the first place.
The end goal, according to Powell, is a level playing for competitive
technologies, if not the providers in each particular technology. The beef
against FCC telecom policy has been it favored cable networks over
telephone operators by placing rules on DSL deployment with virtually no
cable broadband oversight.
SBC has been one of the most vocal critics of the FCC’s current policy,
saying current regulations are stifling its broadband deployment and
keeping thousands of small businesses from business DSL service.
The carrier has touted the results of a Yankee Group report released
Tuesday, which show DSL is an important, almost critical, function in any
“DSL Internet access really provides the best combination of price, speed
and functionality for a small company,” said Michael Lauricella, a Yankee
Group analyst. “Small businesses are increasingly realizing how greatly
the high-speed of DSL Internet access service can positively impact
productivity, and ultimately, the bottom line.”
According to the report, 90 percent of those surveyed found DSL costs were
more than made up in employee efficiencies and that nearly 65 percent of
that number would cut its DSL last from any cost-saving reductions
necessary in an economic downturn.
The new direction the FCC is taking will make it easier for more businesses
to come online, effectively lowering the regulations placed on the ILEC’s
broadband expansion while putting some regulation in the hands of cable
“Sound regulatory policy should, where appropriate, harmonize regulatory
rights and obligations that are attached to the provision of similarly-
situated services across different technological platform,” Powell
said. “The convergence of industries, where advanced networks allow
entities in traditionally distinct market segments to enter into each
other’s markets and into new similar markets, demands that we rationalize
our regulatory regime to address these changes.”