FastKat 1, Goliath 0

The guys at FastKat Wireless of Roseville, Calif., like
to see themselves as modern-day Davids battling the telecom industry Goliaths,
and winning. Their story of adventures in WISPland could be inspiration to others
who find themselves in the same fix.

In just a few short months, FastKat’s original two partners — president Eric
Fine and vice president Chris Dunwoody — went from being a couple of guys ticked
off that they couldn’t get broadband Internet access in their new neighborhood
to being the owners of a successful, fast-growing wireless ISP with almost 150

They took that journey after they realized nobody else was going to bring broadband
access to Diamond Creek, the two-year-old subdivision where they bought new
homes in 2001. Fine and Dunwoody raised a little over $100,000 from friends,
neighbors and family to fund the start-up and launched service in October 2002.

"More than [the money], it was a lot of pain, and a lot of blood, sweat
and tears," Fine says only half joking.

The story starts with a betrayal. When Fine and Dunwoody, and hundreds of other
Diamond Creek residents, were house hunting 18 months ago, they were impressed
by the spacious new homes in the subdivision and by the assurances from the
developer’s sales reps that Diamond Creek would have all the modern conveniences,
including broadband access to the Internet.

For Dunwoody and others in this community, which is 15 miles east of Sacramento
and 130 miles east of Silicon Valley, broadband access was crucial. It meant
they could telecommute to high-tech jobs in the Bay Area. Without it, they would
have to commute, or sell and move.

It turned out the developers were talking through their hats — or outright
lying about broadband access. "It was never written down as a promise or
anything, but lots of folks bought with the understanding that they would have
it," Dunwoody says.

In fact, neither SBC PacBell, the incumbent phone company, nor AT&T/Comcast,
the nearest TV cable provider, were close to being ready to bring broadband
service to Diamond Creek — as Fine discovered when he made a few phone calls
after moving in.

The PacBell central office (CO) was too far away for DSL
to work and the area cable plant hadn’t been upgraded for
data services. Estimates of when either might be ready to offer broadband service
ranged from three years to who knows.

Roseville Telephone, owned by SureWest Communications,
could have offered DSL service from a CO not 300 yards from the edge of the
subdivision — but it was prevented from doing so by LATA (Local Access and
Transport Area) agreements that barred it from operating
in PacBell territory.

Dunwoody eventually found QuickNet, a good but short-lived WISP in Sacramento,
and was able to get wireless service for a time. With his help, the company
made a big pitch to serve Diamond Creek and signed up 50 other customers —
but shortly afterward was acquired by SureWest and shut down. "We were
fed up," Dunwoody says.

Still, the experience with QuickNet proved one thing — wireless was a viable
option. Dunwoody and Fine, who have wireline networking backgrounds with PacBell,
started holding neighborhood meetings to gauge interest in a home-grown solution,
researching wireless technologies and building a business plan.

"We started writing the business plan and running the company because
it was fun," Fine says. "We were enjoying effecting people’s lives
— like Steve Duncan, a neighbor who does software support. He was going to
have to move to Stockton [closer to Silicon Valley], but now he didn’t have
to move. We had 100 people signed up before we even built the network."

FastKat requested proposals from a bunch of wireless systems integrators and
settled on Slingshot Wireless Communications LLC
of Woodlawn, Ill. Slingshot agreed to build the network and even bear some of
the equipment leasing costs in return for 5 percent of the revenues. It wasn’t
the last innovative "contra" deal FastKat would cook up.

With Slingshot’s backing, FastKat was able to secure a 15-year lease on a prime
spot near the top of SureWest’s 300-foot radio tower just three miles from Diamond
Creek. "We’re positioned very well," Fine says. The three antennas
on the tower give FastKat coverage for a minimum five mile radius.

"So now SureWest technically is servicing PacBell customers through us,"
Fine notes. "They like us a lot." SureWest likes FastKat so much,
in fact, that it’s even helping to market the service now in parts of its territory
where it can’t offer broadband any other way.

FastKat’s routers and gateway are co-located at a SureWest facility connected
by OC-48 (2.488-Gbps) lines to the Internet backbone. The POP
is linked by fiber to the tower where FastKat maintains a bandwidth control

"It’s an awesome connection," Fine says.

The company pays for a dedicated 2Mbps, which can spike to 10Mbps at peak traffic
times. One result is no later-afternoon slow-downs for residential customers,
who as of June 1 will pay $49.95 per month for 600 Kbps.

On the tower, FastKat’s 5.8 GHz radios — supplied by San Diego-based Trango Systems — shoot direct
to business customers and to distribution hubs on the roofs of three of the
partners’ homes. (There are two other partners: CFO John Weatherford and CTO
Ryan Fogleman.)

From the distribution hubs, the signals are relayed over 2.4 GHz spectrum mainly
using fixed wireless access gear from Zcomax
of Denville N.J.

FastKat likes the innovative Zcomax customer premises equipment (CPE) because
it’s an all-in-one, enclosed flat-panel device that sits on the subscriber’s
roof with an Ethernet cable coming out of it. The device uses Power over Ethernet
(PoE) — the Ethernet cable goes from the Zcomax rooftop device to a wall socket
device inside and then to a network interface card (NIC) or router.

Fine is careful to make the distinction between this kind of non-Wi-Fi fixed
wireless access equipment and the inside LAN technology the company tried to
use at first. "We have been through hell trying to make consumer-grade
garbage work," he says. "We eventually got it to work, but it’s nothing
we’d ever do again."

FastKat is using some 2.4-GHz gear from Young
Design Inc.
(YDI Wireless) of Sunnyvale, Calif., as well. It’s also using
YDI security — 64-bit Blowfish encryption running at Layer 2. The network is
protected at the MAC address level. Only registered MAC addresses can log on,
and if a MAC address is cloned, both are shut down.

The company has yet to run an ad for its service, but the word is spreading.
FastKat covers not just Diamond Creek and Roseville, but also nearby Rocklin
and now Lincoln. In the case of Lincoln, it worked out a deal with the city
under which FastKat gets free access to a water tower in return for $1 per month
for each Lincoln FastKat subscriber signed.

The latest FatKat initiative is free hotspots. Two car dealerships, a restaurant,
a cafe and a "fuel plaza" in and around Roseville buy bulk service
from FastKat and give it away free to anyone. FastKat will also establish hotspots
just for subscribers — in neighborhood parks, for example. The network architecture
also means roaming customers can get access in many parts of the coverage area
when they’re away from home.

Even if it hasn’t actually slain any giants yet, FastKat is definitely David-like
in its success. In fact, if it keeps growing, it could turn into a mini-Goliath
itself. Fine says he expects to reach 500 customers within a year. The company
will break even before then, Dunwoody says.

Not bad for a couple of guys who were ticked off because they couldn’t get
broadband Internet service.

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