California Crackdown on RFID

Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology promises to speed the supply chain, but some fear it will tell retailers too much.

A measure by Senator Debra Bowen (D-Redondo Beach) to set
privacy standards for the use of RFID in stores and libraries
passed the California Senate on a 22-8 vote Thursday.

The bill was the result of two sets of hearings
held by California’s Senate Subcommittee on New Technology, which Bowen

“There’s no reason to let RFID sneak up on us when we have the ability to
put some privacy protections in place before the genie’s completely out of
the bottle,” said Bowen.

SB 1834 permits stores and libraries to collect the same information they
already collect now using bar codes, while at the same time banning the use
of the technology to track people as they shop or after they leave the

RFID technology automates the collection of the same kinds of data
carried in barcodes. Instead of the printed barcode, a tiny transponder,
called a tag, carries the data. An RFID reader activates the chip when it
comes into proximity, collecting the data, which is immediately sent to a
central database.

However, while barcodes typically offer generic
information, such as “Peas $0.99,” a project by EPCglobal, a
retail and manufacturing consortium, hopes to create a unique identifies for
each and every can of peas and every other product in the retail supply

Privacy advocates fear RFID will become as omnipresent as video
surveillance and give marketers an even more sophisticated way to track
people’s whereabouts, interests and habits. For example, could a store’s
RFID readers collect information on what products a shopper previously purchased?

“RFID technology gives the store — and anyone
else with an RFID reader — the ability to collect that type of information,
assuming a person’s clothing and items in their wallet or purse have RFID
chips embedded in them, tie it to their name, and build personal profiles on
just about anyone,” Bowen said.

The senator’s bill limits the information that can be collected to the actual item
a customer is buying, renting, or borrowing; it also precludes tracking anything
the person may have picked up but put back while shopping, or what they’re
wearing, among other such information.

SB 1834 now moves to the Assembly, where it will be heard in June.

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