Fixed wireless, often called the “third pipe” of broadband Internet
services, coverage area doubled in 2001, according to a survey released
Monday by the Broadband Wireless Exchange (BWE).
The results, gathered from wireless Internet service providers (WISPs)
around the country, point to the growing clout of the technology in rural
and underserved areas.
According to results of the broadband wireless census report, 1,966 markets
have one form of fixed wireless Internet or another available — that’s
more than twice as many markets as reported the previous year, 723.
Robert Hoskins, BWE managing director and author of the survey, said you
can attribute the growing popularity of the broadband medium to the
inexpensive roll out costs, when compared to dealing with incumbent and
independent local exchange carriers (ILECs and CLECs, respectively).
“Hundreds of entrepreneurs at small ISPs are realizing that it only costs
around $25,000 to build out a system that can serve 3,000 customers,”
Hoskins said. “And by charging a minimum of $50 per month, a broadband
wireless system can deliver $1.8 million in revenue, which is a gold mine
to most ISPs.”
The high cost of doing business with traditional carriers (in some places,
$25,000 will get you peering and bandwidth agreements, but not much else),
and the continuing troubles with DSL and cable service has more and more of
these local and regional ISPs looking for an alternative to offer their
A look at the top 10 states carrying fixed wireless services, according to
the BWE, shows that the technology has made headway mainly in rural and
underserved areas. But what’s more interesting than the cities themselves
is the location of these cities when compared with the ILECs in the U.S.
The top ten fixed wireless markets, by ranking, are as
follows: California, Illinois, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Florida, Indiana,
Colorado, Utah and Arizona.
Of those 10, only one can be found outside the jurisdiction of either Qwest
Communications or SBC Communications (Florida, a state under BellSouth’s
coverage area), which is interesting when one considers the fact both have
essentially given up on developing DSL in their service areas.
Qwest has actually given up on DSL entirely, selling off its high-speed
business to the Microsoft Network, a move that made both sides happy; MSN
got a high-speed network to compete with AOL Time Warner and Qwest
abandoned a technology that it viewed as getting in the way of its profitable T-1
SBC has just about abandoned Project Pronto, their ambitious plan to put
remote terminals to serve 80 percent of it customers with DSL. Rather, the firm sought redress through the wildly-unpopular Tauzin-Dingell Broadband
On the other hand you have the cable companies, which are busy upgrading
their networks and buying each other out — they don’t have the time,
inclination or revenues to roll out services to extremely remote areas.
In either case, fixed wireless can only thank the two ILECs and cable
companies for their withdrawal since it gives WISPs an opportunity to push
their wireless option into areas that won’t see broadband service in any
other shape for some time to come.
Keith Fenske, general manager of WISP DOTNET Internet Services, said the
success of fixed wireless will only grow as the companies with faulty
business plans get weeded out the system.
“There’s a lot of companies that just give away the bandwidth, driving the
price throughout the market down,” Fenske said. “Once
other ISPs and investors see the revenues the service can really bring,
you’ll see a lot more people getting interested in the service.
“Just because fixed wireless isn’t DSL or cable, and that the bandwidth
comes over license-free spectrum, doesn’t mean it’s cheap,” he
continued. “It costs real money to deliver a quality service and more and
more businesses in our coverage area are seeing that — that’s why we can
charge higher for our service.”