customers in California have filed
class-action lawsuits against the company for what their lawyers call
bait-and-switch marketing tactics.
San Francisco residents Rosemary M. Weber and Jonathan V. Holtzman
say they got a bum deal when it came to ordering through Dell’s
catalogue. Both complained they had been pressured by salespeople with
promises of either low-cost financing to lure them into installment
payment schemes or better quality equipment than had been delivered.
Lawyers from Lerach Coughlin Stoia Geller Rudman & Robbins filed a
class action suit on Feb. 14 in Superior Court for San Francisco
County against Dell, Dell’s financial services division (DFS) and its
finance partner, CIT Bank, on behalf of Dell customers.
The complaint alleges that Dell preys on unsuspecting consumers with
its scripted sales force, ever-changing ad offers and highly promoted
“preferred” rates and “easy” financing packages which, without notice,
then are changed to include much higher interest rates and hidden
charges. Specifically, the suit claims Dell violates California’s
Consumer Legal Remedies Act (CLRA), the California Business and
Professions Code and the Unruh Act.
“Dell offers one low-priced product and then substitutes a higher
cost or lower quality item,” Reed Kathrein, a Lerach partner whose firm
is best known for filing stockholder lawsuits, said in a statement.
“Dell promises ‘easy’ credit but no one qualifies. It then charges
unconscionable high interest and other credit charges.”
internetnews.com that Dell responded to the law firm’s initial
letter but could not confirm if Dell has seen the legal filing. He also
said his office had received close to 100 complaints since August 2004.
“We received too many complaints to ignore,” Kathrein said.
Dell spokesman Lionel Menchaca said the company would not comment on pending litigation.
In Weber’s case, the San Francisco nurse told lawyers she had limited
experience with computers when she responded in 2003 to a Dell ad and
bought a notebook computer listed at $599, along with an $89 printer.
She was billed $1,352 for her order and, at the urging of Dell’s sales
person, financed her purchase through DFS at an undisclosed interest
rate that turned out to be between 27 and 39 percent.
Holtzman told his lawyers he responded to a Dell e-mail offer by
ordering computer products at Dell’s online store. He received a
confirmation of his order and billing rate, but the products that
arrived were of a lesser quality. Efforts to reach Dell and resolve the
matter were frustrating and unsuccessful.
Lawyers at Lerach claim that because Dell equipment and services are
sold exclusively by telephone and through Dell’s Web site, their
customers can view only pictures of the products prior to sale — never
the product itself.
In 2004, Dell spent $300 million advertising its
products on television, in newspapers and catalogues and on the Internet. It
shipped 5.4 million personal computers in the United States and
generated $6 billion in revenue from U.S. consumers that year.
“Knowing that these consumers are not sophisticated, Dell nonetheless
inundates them with a dizzying array of advertisements for Dell
products,” the complaint says. “While the names of the computers, model
numbers and pictures are usually consistent, the details of Dell offers
vary from one ad to another and even from day to day or hour to hour,
with ‘small print’ disclaimers, the suit charges.”
The class action applies only to California residents. A Proof Of
Service document is due by April 15, 2005, with a case management
statement due on June 30. The first case management conference is
scheduled for July 15.