Nevada lawmakers introduced legislation today to require a paper trail
be used with all touch-screen voting machines. In the 2004 national
elections, Nevada was the only state to require e-voting machines to produce a
paper backup of votes.
Under the Voting Integrity and Verification Act (VIVA) proposed by Sen. John Ensign (R-Nev.) and co-sponsored by Sen. Harry Reid (D-Nev.), voters will be able to review a printout of their ballots and correct any errors before leaving the voting booth. The printout will be kept at the polling place for use in any
“We became the first state in the nation to require that voter-verified
paper audit trail printers be used with touch-screen voting machines,”
Ensign said in a statement. “Not only did our election go off without a
hitch, but voters across Nevada left the polls with the knowledge that their
vote would be counted and that their vote would be counted accurately.
Every American should have that same confidence.”
In the November general elections, a number of unsuccessful lawsuits
throughout the country attempted to force states to produce a paper trail
for e-voting machines. Diebold and other vendors say their machines come
with printers, but the states did not request the machines be programmed to
produce a paper trail.
The primary problem with e-voting, voting rights groups contend, is that
it leaves no paper trail in case a recount is needed. At the end of an
e-voting day, the machines print out a vote tally. There are no individual
ballots — mangled or with hanging chads — to count.
By Election Day, approximately 30 percent of Americans cast their votes
electronically using a non-networked system consisting of hardware and
software that interacted through Flash technology to tabulate votes.
In addition to Nevada’s mandated paper trail, California allowed voters to be
given a paper ballot if they didnt want to use an e-voting machine. In all other states, including key battleground states like Ohio and
Florida, there were no paper trails for e-voting machines.
“Congress set aside billions of dollars for states to buy new, more reliable
electronic voting machines. But those machines arent perfect, and without a
paper trail we can’t guarantee that all votes will be counted correctly,”
Reid said. “Nevada is the only state that had a paper-trail system in place
statewide for the last election. We need to help the rest of the country
catch up to us.”
In the aftermath of the 2000 contested election results, Congress approved
almost $4 billion for states to fully upgrade their voting systems by 2006.
A spokesman for Ensign’s office said he did not know if additional funding
would be needed to support paper trails.
Ensign’s and Reid’s VIVA clarifies
language in the Help America Vote Act (HAVA), which was signed into law in 2002.
Ensign said some states have misinterpreted HAVA as requiring that
machines be able to print vote totals or ballot images from a computer,
outside the presence of the voter, long after the polls have closed. VIVA
clarifies what is required, including a paper trail, by the states to ensure
the integrity of the ballot.
Rep. Jim Gibbons (R-Nev.) has introduced companion legislation in the House
“Nevada led the nation in our state-of-the-art electronic voting process
last year,” said Gibbons. “To ensure the most accurate and efficient voting procedure, it
is time for the nation to follow Nevada’s lead. This
legislation would ensure that every state has electronic voting machines
with paper trails to guarantee a voter’s vote is recorded clearly and