Net Neutrality Supporters Find Hope in Tie Vote


When is a loss a victory? In the U.S. Senate, apparently, according to
network neutrality proponents.


When Sen. Olympia Snowe broke ranks with her fellow Republicans Wednesday
afternoon to join 10 Democrats voting to insert network neutrality language
in a telecom reform bill, the defection created an 11-11 tie.


Under Senate rules, though, a tie is a loss and the measure was jettisoned.


Nevertheless, network neutrality coalitions claimed victory.


“The tie vote…shows the gathering momentum for network neutrality across
political lines,” Ben Scott of Free Press, an advocacy group supporting the
issue, proclaimed shortly after the vote.


Moveon.org, the liberal grassroots organization, went so far as to trumpet
in an e-mail, “Procedural tie leads to huge political win.”


Perhaps, but the fact remains network neutrality has failed to win a single
vote so far in either the U.S. House or the Senate.


After failing to win support in a House Energy and Commerce Committee
telecom reform bill vote, the issue was rejected again on June 8 in a full House vote.


Although the vote was considerably closer this time around, the end result
was the same.


Snowe and Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) sponsored Wednesday’s amendment, which
would have made it illegal for broadband providers to discriminate “in the
carriage and treatment of Internet traffic based on the source, destination
or ownership of such traffic.”


With the exception of Snow, the Republicans on the committee held the party
line and supported referring any issues of network neutrality to the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC).


The House version of telecom reform also passes off network neutrality
issues to the FCC.


The Senate bill includes a Consumer Internet Bill of Rights that Commerce
Committee Chairman Ted Stevens of Alaska contends will deal with questions
of network neutrality.


“The bill ensures that all Internet service providers allow subscribers to
access and post any lawful content; access any web page; access and run any
voice, video, or email application of their choosing; access and run any
software or search engine service; and connect any legal device of their
choosing,” Stevens said after the vote.


What it explicitly does not do is mention discrimination in handling network
traffic, the linchpin point in the debate.


Verizon and AT&T have announced plans to charge content, application and
service providers bandwidth consumption fees to travel over their new fiber
optic networks. The telephone companies claim the fees are necessary to help
build out their multi-billion dollar networks.


The telecom giants have pledged never to block content to consumers while
framing the debate as an effort by tech titans Google, Microsoft and eBay to
avoid paying the cost of moving their data.


“We have consumers who use the Internet and commercial users of the
Internet,” Stevens said Wednesday during the often testy debate. “They [the
tech sector] want to use it for their massive commercial purposes.”


“Consumers are fully protected [under the bill].”


Stevens also noted the Senate Judiciary Committee is expected to pass
antitrust legislation dealing specifically with issues of network
neutrality.


“In failing to approve strong net neutrality language, the committee gave
the telephone and cable companies something they have not had in the history
of the Internet — a way to control what goes over the Net,” Gigi Sohn,
president of Public Knowledge, said in a statement. Public Knowledge has tirelessly stumped for network neutrality.


“They would be free to discriminate in favor of content in which they have a
financial interest or in favor of those companies which can afford special
new fees the companies charge.”


The legislation now moves to the full Senate for consideration. Democrats
aim to offer a network neutrality amendment.

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