BOSTON — When it comes to radio frequency identification
systems, there’s no substitute for trial and error, IT managers and
industry experts said at IDC’s RFID Update conference here today.
“[RFID] will be a very powerful enabling technology,” Sean Campbell, IBM’s
RFID leader, said. “You should build through trials and controlled pilots.
There is no substitute for hands-on learning, what [early RFID adopter]
Gillette calls ‘launch and learn.’ ”
Richard Morrissey, director of e-business for American Power Conversion
, began APC’s RFID efforts two years ago and wasn’t sure the technology would even work for the company.
“For us, physically placing [the tags] on the product is critical,” said
Morrissey, who was concerned that the wires, metals and batteries in APC’s
network infrastructure would interfere with RFID’s wireless signals.
After testing antennas, tags, sensors and back-end systems from several
vendors in IBM’s labs and on its own loading docks, the company designed a
set-up that works.
APC, which also mapped out a 10-year plan to analyze return-on-investment,
has been piloting RFID in its West Warwick, R.I., facility since September
and plans to expand its efforts.
The company has plants in China, the Philippines and India. Eventually, APC
wants to use RFID to pinpoint materials and products worldwide, giving the
company, its suppliers, partners and retailers information to help them make
Morrissey added that involving a cross-section of employees is important to
a successful implementation. Everyone from the executives to the warehouse
workers must know the project goals and how the system works, he said.
Finally, he stressed the need to store and organize the reams of data
companies get from RFID systems.
In related news from IDC RFID Update, IBM announced new RFID-capable
printers for companies in the supply chain. Big Blue’s Infoprint 6700 R40
prints both traditional bar codes and RFID tags.
The device uses an IBM Power microprocessor to transfer information —
manufacture date, destination, product shelf life and location, inventory
data, product handling details — to each RFID tag.
Overall, Big Blue has committed $250 million to RFID efforts and its
consulting arm recently opened an privacy practice specifically geared to
RFID became a critical IT issue for many companies after Wal-Mart and the
Department of Defense mandated the use of the technology.
The systems have two components: tags, which are paper-thin, one-inch radio
transponders attached to pallets, cases and eventually individual items.
The other components are readers, which are panels about the size of a pizza
box that receive and translate signals and shuttle data back to a network.
Retailers believe RFID will replace bar codes, vastly improve the efficiency
of their supply chain and cut down on theft and loss. Still, other business
sectors are looking at tags and readers for a variety of tasks.
There are still many challenges, such as the cost of tags, integration with
back-end systems and industry standards, but Campbell said users should
start working with the systems now.
“Start small and think big,” Morrissey said. “It’s got to be hands on. This
isn’t an event, it’s a journey.”